Corvus corax


A massive crow, even bigger than a Buzzard, the Raven can be found on mountains and in forests, where it feeds on carrion. Ravens nest on cliffs around the coast and on mountains, in quarries and in large trees in parkland. Ravens have been expanding their range in recent years, although it is still only found in rural areas. Ravens pair for life; males perform breeding displays of posturing, preening and bill caressing, from February onwards, and females lay four to six blue-green eggs in a nest of twigs and moss.

How to identify

Much larger than the other crows, Ravens are all-black, with strong, heavy bills and a long, wedge-shaped tail.

Where to find it

Northern and western Britain, but expanding its range and moving south-east.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Historically, Ravens were persecuted for the belief that they took livestock and game, and has withdrawn from much of its range as a result. To help protect our breeding birds, The Wildlife Trusts are working closely with farmers and landowners to promote wildlife-friendly practices. We are working towards a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Corvus corax
Crows and shrikes
Length: 65cm Wingspan: 1.3m Weight: 1.1-1.3kg Average Lifespan: up to a maximum of 17 years
Conservation status